The city of Oran is a beautiful coastal city that, when constructed, was inspired by the seaside resort of France’s Nice. It is one of Algeria’s most important cities, as it has much cultural, commercial and industrial importance, as well as being one of the country’s most visited cities. In the past, the city was used for trading purposes until it was ruled by the French.
Annaba is a coastal city that underwent significant growth during the 20th Century. Annaba has a metropolitan area with a higher population density than the other metropolitan areas of the Algerian coastline, such as Oran and Algiers. Much of eastern and southern Algeria uses the services, equipment, and infrastructure of Annaba. Economically, it is the centre for various economic activities, such as industry, transportation, finance, and tourism
Sétif, also called Stif, town, northeastern Algeria, near the Wadi Bou Sellam. As ancient Sitifis, it became important when the Roman emperor Nerva established a veterans’ colony there in 97 CE. Sitifis became the chief town of the province of Mauretania Sitifensis (created 297 CE) and remained so under Byzantine rule. The town declined until garrisoned by the French in 1838. In 1945 the Sétif town area was the site of a spontaneous outburst against French colonial rule, and more than 100 Europeans were killed. In retaliation, by Algerian count after the fact, between 6,000 and 8,000 Muslims were massacred. The area around Sétif was developed as a centre of cereal cultivation during the French colonial period, and wheat is processed in local factories to produce semolina, couscous (cracked wheat), and noodles.
Tamanrasset, also called Tamanghasset and (after 1981) Tamenghest, formerly Fort Laperrine, town, southern Algeria. Located in the mountainous Ahaggar (Hoggar) region on the Wadi Tamanghasset, the town originated as a military outpost, guarding trans-Saharan trade routes. It has become an important way station on the north-south asphalt road called the Trans-Sahara Highway via northern Algeria, which reached Tamanrasset in 1980. Although the desert climate is mitigated by the town’s elevation of 4,521 feet (1,378 metres), some of the world’s highest known shade temperatures (exceeding 100 °F [38 °C]) have been recorded there at the Jules Carde Observatory.